Term I
There are 6 tasks for you this term.
Task 1 Definitions
For a study of History the following terms are very
important.
( If you come across a better definition let me know)

Terms
Definition
fact

undeniable statement, believed to be true

opinion

someone's point of view

primary source

An original document- something written at the
time studied


secondary source

something written later and interpreted,
sometimes using primary sources


cause

an event that can cause other events to follow

effect

the result of a previous action

interpreting sources

looking at an artefact and finding out information

artefact

something man-made like a tool or weapon

what archaeologists do

discovering artefacts or ruins and learning about
past societies


numismatics

a study of coins

religious artefact

an item that is based on a faith or religion people
believe in. A special or holy item.


dating

a method of working out how old an item or
artefact is


heritage

something from the past that is regarded as
worth preserving


century

a period of 100 years

decade

a period of 10 years

generation

Children live in a different time to their parents.
A son is a different generation to a father.
Lifetimes can be measured in generations


millennium

a period of 1,000 years

now open a new Excel file and copy the examples below into a column.
(See me if you don't know how to do this .)
This can be done at home or at school on a school computer.

EXAMPLES

A letter from an Australian Prime Minister Curtin to the President of the USA about the start of WWII

Austria declares war on Serbia

Some people in the year 1000 AD thought the world would end.
The number 1,000 was regarded as significant
.
Studying documents from the past and learning how people lived and felt at the time

Your parents generation did not have mobile phones but their parents may not have had colour television

The years from 1960 to 1969 are called the "Swinging Sixties".

The years from 1801 to 1900 are called the 19th century. We are now in the 21st century

The Wests Tigers are the best team in the NRL

A school history book discussing how Australia depended on the USA when war broke out

Using a variety of methods to clearly establish the time an item or artefact was made or when people
lived at a site

A hand made axe ,using specially worked flint and a carefully carved wooden handle

President Obama is the 44th President of the United States

A politician from Austria is assassinated on a visit to Austrian controlled Bosnia ,a land full of Serbs and
right next door to Serbia

An important building constructed in the early years of the colony, regarded by many as worth preserving
A painted statue of the Virgin Mary, found in a small shrine in an archaeological excavation

A coin with the head of the ruler and his titles. Dated clearly and worth a specific value

The modern excavation of the city of Pompeii ,destroyed by a volcano in 79 AD

  • Copy the list of terms above (in Column 1) and carefully match them up with the Examples above .

  • When you have correctly done so Print a Hard Copy and glue this sheet into your books.
  • Tell me AT ONCE if you are having any difficulties with this task.
NOTE: A Common Test for all Year 7
students will be based on these terms .

Task 2- Timeline

BC dates

(the years since) Christ was born.



(Before the) Birth of Christ



The earliest (highest number )dates BC are getting smaller.eg 501 BC is the year
before 500 BC

BCE

Before the Common Era



An alternative version of the earlier dates ,based on the fact that not everyone
in the world today is Christian



This dating scheme was made up by Christian monks in the Dark Ages.
They were not as interested in the years before the birth of Christ



Think of these dates as MINUS numbers .



AD dates

This dating scheme was made up by Christian monks.



The years after the Birth of Christ are called AD -"Anno Domini"
actually means "In the Years since Our Lord has been on earth."



Any student who calls it "After Death" will be severely punished.
You have been warned.



This dating scheme was made up by Christian monks in the Dark Ages.
They thought the world was a much better place after Christianity was introduced.



When you get to AD dates then go in normal order, from smallest (earliest) to latest.



eg the year 500 AD is the year before 501 AD

CE

The Common Era. Used mainly by people trying to avoid religious
connections to dates



an alternative form of AD


Think of these dates as POSITIVE numbers .
To Do

1. Open up an Excel file and arrange the dates below in correct order in a single
column.



2. Then arrange the cells in a second column with the correct date matching



3. You can Google if you wish to check on some of these



date

event ( Note these are all in the WRONG position )
Your task is to re-arrange them correctly





44 BC

Death and mummification of Tutankhamen





404 BC

Australia celebrates Bicentennial of European settlement





1914 AD

300 Spartans hold off a Persian army of 250,000 for 3 days





1901 AD

First reptiles lay eggs on land





1915 AD

possible date for eruption of Thera Volcano-destroying Cretan culture





480 BC

First bony fish appears in Devonian Period





65 million years BC

Romans defeat Hannibal at Battle of Zama





2560 BC

Gold discovered at Bathurst NSW starting Gold Rush





1789 AD

birth of Alexander the Great





1227AD

Construction of Stonehenge





202 BC

Capture of Constantinople by Ottoman Turks





1851 AD

Captain James Cook lands on the east coast of Australia





1325 BC

Australopithecus -an ape-like ancestor of modern man in East Africa





1453 AD

End of American Civil War





1988 AD

Inauguration of Barack Obama as 44th President of the United States





60,000 BC

Giant asteroid hits earth and wipes out the dinosaurs





315 million years BC

Death of Julius Caesar





1492 AD

American astronaut Neil Armstong sets foot on the Moon





1066 AD

Sparta defeats Athens in Peloponnesian War





336 BC

Clive wins Battle of Plassey and takes over much of India





1969 AD

Genghis Khan's empire at its greatest extent





1792 BC

Columbus discovers the Americas.He thinks he has reached Asia and calls the natives "Indians"





1757 AD

Hammurabi becomes King of Babylon





2300 BC

First Aboriginals reach Australia from Asia





1770 AD

Anzacs land at Gallipoli





3,000,000 BC

start of World War I





500,000,000 BC

Federation of colonies forms new nation of Australia





1865 AD

Great Pyramid at Giza built





1600 BC

Storming of Bastille in French Revolution





2009 AD

William of Normandy wins Battle of Hastings and takes over Saxon England


  • Print out a hard copy in correct chronological order and glue it into your books

  • Only if you get confused, really confused have a
look at

AegyptoCapta2.jpg
Aegypta Capta Coin

Task 3
This coin was issued by the emperor Augustus after he defeated the forces of Marc Antony and Cleopatra
at the Battle of Actium in 29 BC.
Aegypto Capta is Latin for "Egypt has been captured". It was a great triumph as the land of Egypt was
very wealthy and it made Rome and the Emperor Augustus very rich. The Crocodile represented Egypt.

Draw this coin in your book
BUT -What is wrong with this coin ? Explain your reasons in your own words.
Task 4- Family Tree
The Julio-Claudians were the first family of Emperors to rule in Ancient Rome.
Study it carefully and you can answer the questions in your book.

The Emperors are marked in Yellow.

20 questions below based on this family tree


external image moz-screenshot-1.jpg
JulioClaudian_tree_2.PNG
Julio-Claudians

  • Answer these questions in full sentences in your book.
  • If you are having ANY other trouble whatsoever ask me immediately.
  • If too many students are having difficulty I'll put it up on an overhead.
Family Tree Activities
1) List the Emperors in order and the dates they ruled.

2) List the Emperors in order of the number of years they ruled
3) What relationship was Julius Caesar to Octavian , later known by another name ?
What was that name ?


4) Who was the father of Tiberius ?
5) Who were Augustus' grandchildren? What happened to them?

6) How was Mark Antony related to Germanicus?


7) What relationship was Claudius to Caligula?

8) Who were Germanicus' children ?

9) Who were Claudius' children ? Did he have a step-son?
Who was he?
10) Who was Augustus' sister?


11) How old were each of the emperors when they
took power?

12) Augustus and Agrippa were best friends.
Who died first at what age?


13) What relationship was Nero's wife to him , (apart from being married to him)?

14) How closely related was Claudius and Agrippina II ?

15) How many years after her husbands death did Agrippina I die?


16) What happened to the first 2 sons of Germanicus?

17) Which Roman emperor was in power at the time of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ in
Palestine in about 33 AD?

18) Would the emperor Tiberius have seen Nero's 2nd Birthday party?
Why/Why not?

19) What two major Roman families were united with the marriage of Germanicus and
Agrippina I ?

20) How many relatives would have attended Augustus' last birthday party ?
Who were they?


  • if you need a hard copy of these questions open


Task 5 - THE ORIGIN OF
THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE

- yep another timeline
Answer these questions in full sentences in your books.
There are 6 Questions below.
65,000 years ago



People left Africa



≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠

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5000 BC



Proto Indo European -the basis of most
European and some Asian languages







(early extinct language)



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≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠

2000 BC







1000 BC



"Proto" Germanic







(early form of German)







Early Celtic spoken by Britons







They lived on the Island known as
Britannia to the Romans
and Gauls



≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠


≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠≠


43 AD



Roman Conquest -Latin spoken by
conquerors








Celtic language pushed to furthest
extremities of north and west



100 AD







250 AD







400 AD



German tribes invade -Angles,
Saxons and Jutes







term Angleland (England) first used



500 AD



Old English- sometimes called Saxon



750 AD







793 AD



Vikings Invade- Scandinavian
spoken by new settlers



1000 AD



Old English written



1066 AD



Norman Conquest -French spoken
by ruling elite



1250 AD











Middle English



1380 AD



Chaucer writes Canterbury Tales







Renaissance



1500 AD











Modern English







Shakespeare writes his plays



1750 AD



British Empire spreads to







many other parts of the world



2000 AD



Our English



1) List the different languages that contributed to the development of the
English language.
2) What is the difference between the terms Britannia and England?
3) How many years did the Romans, Saxons and Vikings dominate?
4) Why are the dates for the Viking and Norman invasions known so exactly?
5) What countries that formed the British Empire contributed to the English
language?
6) Give examples from each one you listed.


Task 6 -
What is wrong
with 2 of these pictures?

A

attack_by_pteradactyl.JPG
Pteradactyl attack

soundbyte from Alien
B
mammoth_hunt.jpg
chased by a mammoth

C
attack_by_longneck.JPG
attack by a sauropod

2 of these pictures are from an old movie called "1,000,000 BC."
One of them may have happened but you need to check on the dates for Pterodactyls,
Mammoths and Apatosaurs and see which may have lived at the same time as Man .
Explain the meaning of an "Anachronism."
Have you come across any other movies that showed examples of this ?



external image moz-screenshot-1.jpg