Term II
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Back Pain leaves Egypt

Egypt
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Osiris

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Task 1: Egypt Mapping and Comprehension
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Section 1 -Your Map of Egypt
  • there are 14 Activities below based on the Blank Map
Section 2 - Map 2 "The Two Lands"
  • 17 Comprehension Questions in Part A and
  • 12 Interpretation Questions in Part B
  • all due 22nd May 2009


1.Either download here your copy
of this map or use the one given to you in class.
You will need 3 coloured pencils –yellow, green, and light blue and 2
pens – a black and a red.

2. Find a map of Ancient Egypt in a book or an internet site for your
information
3. Shade the Mediterranean and Red Seas a light blue .
Label them in block letters using a black pen
4. Find Akhetaten (also known as Amarna), Memphis and Thebes
and put them on your copy of this map.
5. Using Block letters label the area around Memphis “Lower Egypt
6. Using Block letters label the area around Thebes “Upper Egypt .
7. Then locate Abydos, Heliopolis, Abydos, TheValley of the Kings,
Elephantine, Abu Simbel
8. Shade the area alongside the river green and label it in block letters
The Black Lands
9. Shade the area left on either side of the river yellow and label it in
block letters “The Red Lands”and the Western Desert and Eastern
Desert
10. Shade the area alongside the Siwa Oasis and The Fayum green .
Label them in small letters in black.
11.Draw a symbol there for swamp or oasis.
12. Draw a symbol for the location of the Great Pyramids and Sphinx
13. Label in block letters Libya near the Siwa Oasis, Sinai and
Palestine
14. Using Block letters label the area around Abu Simbel “Nubia”

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secret thoughts of an Egyptian princess


Mapping Questions-Section 2
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Mum,you don't have to feed me anymore these days. especially not in front of the Jackal Headed Dude

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What was really said at the time


Use the Maps and other information you find in your own
research to do parts a) and b) .
These questions are to be answered in FULL
SENTENCES and either written directly into your books
or typed and a hard copy printed out and glued into your
History books.Ask me if you ever have any problems.


Part A
1.Can you think of any reasons why a place in Egypt can
have more than 1 name?
2. Are there any other places in the world with the same
names as Memphis and Thebes?
Why do you think this could happen?
3. Why do you think that the area in the north of Egypt
was known as “Lower Egypt?
4. Why do you think that the area in the south of Egypt
was known as “Upper Egypt”?
5. Many archaeologists regard the beginning of real Egyptian
history as the rule of Narmer, also known as Menes. Why ?
(Hint –look at the Red and White Crown of Egypt and the
Narmer Palette)
6. Find which gods were sacred to the towns of Heliopolis,
Abydos, Dendera, Edfu, Siwa and Thebes.
7. Why was the Valley of the Kings selected for royal burials?
8. Can you find any more oases in the Red Lands?
Mark them on your map.
9. What resources could Ancient Egyptians find in an area
like the Red Lands?
10. Why was the land known as the Black Land so important
in ancient Egypt?
11. Egypt has been called "the Gift of the Nile" and the
Egyptians own name for their country was kmt -what did that
mean ?
12. What resources were available from this area?
13. How far are the Great Pyramids from the River Nile?
Why do you think this was important?
14. Which compass direction was likely to be where any
external danger could come? Why?
15. What important products came from Nubia?
16. What are the origins of the two separate tributaries to
the Nile?
17. How do their original flows result in the inundation of
the Nile?
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Part B)
Mapping Questions
1. What are the symbols used to represent Lower and
Upper Egypt?
2. How were these creatures and symbols regarded by
ancient communities?
3. What was the significance of the Combined Red and
White Crowns for Pharaohs after Narmer?
4. Were there any other parts of a pharaoh’s regalia
(formal dress) that were based on symbols for Upper and
Lower Egypt?
5. How far was the Nile in Upper Egypt at its closest to
the Red Sea?
6. Travelling from Abydos how would a merchant get to the
sea?
7. What were essential details to make sure he survived this
voyage?
8. What civilisations was an Ancient Egyptian traveller then
able to reach by sea?
9. What is the area directly east of the Delta?
10. Why was this area very important for Egyptian security?
11. Another ancient civilisation named the area where the
Nile meets the Mediterranean. Who were they and why did
they call it that?
12. Why was the Fayum Oasis regarded by the Egyptians
as a very special strategic place?
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Very Old Egyptian Joke


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Scarab or Dung Beetle
What did the Scarab or Dung Beetle do that fascinated Egyptians ?
What did it remind Egyptians of ?

Task 2: Egypt Model Making Assignment
Instructions: read this section very carefully
· Some lessons will be conducted in the library to enable you to do research and borrow
resources.
· Other topics can be done in the classroom using the resources of the History
Department and the help of your wonderful History teacher.
· Other research can be done at home using Encyclopaedias, Text Books,
Computer CD's, Library Books, internet sites and any other information you find
useful.
· You will be allowed about 2 weeks of class time for this assignment ,and the balance
will be completed at home .
The assignment is due (date to be determined later)
At any time ,if you have difficulty finding information or understanding a topic or
concept :
ASK YOUR TEACHER FOR HELP
He is one of the finest people who ever draw breath and will be happy to do what he
can to help you , just remember that there are other people in the class, pick a time when
the class is undertaking "Independent research" and write down any suggestions or
information he gives you.
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Sobek

Part A: Create a model: Due end of term
Use information in books etc to make an accurate model from the period of Ancient
Egypt.
You can use any materials you want.

TRY AND JUST USE RE-CYCLEABLE MATERIALS

Your model will be marked on effort, creativity, historical accuracy and overall design.

Before starting your model:
· Find appropriate pictures and descriptions in a book or website
· Sketch your ideas and a design in your book. List all the materials you will need.
· Write down the name of the book/books you are using and page numbers or the
website address
· When you have reached this stage ,show your plans to your wonderful History teacher

Once he has approved it you can make a model of:

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Pyramid

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The discovery of a great structure -early days

· YOU CAN CHOOSE ANY ONE OF THE FOLLOWING :
Any of the Pyramids
The death mask of Tutankhamen or any other death mask or funereal mask
A treasure chest of a specific pharaoh
The Sphinx or similar statues
A papyrus drawing or hieroglyph e.g. : from the Book of the Dead or a Tomb inscription
A mummy ,sarcophagus or coffin
A wooden or papyrus Nile boat or ceremonial barge
A stone inscription on a Tomb relief
The Rosetta Stone
An Obelisk
A Shaduf (or Shadoof )
Special ceremonial jewellery for the afterlife of a pharaoh or his queen
Any other idea approved by your splendid teacher
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Pharaoh's regalia

Part B : Oral Presentation
· You are to present your model to the class
· You should be able to speak about your model for about 2 minutes
· You will be marked on content of presentation and your oral skills.
Things to include:
· What it is a model of
· Where in Egypt it was found
· What period of Ancient Egypt is it from? (Old ,Middle or New Kingdom )
· What does your piece of evidence show us about life in Ancient Egypt, society,
beliefs and values?

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Egyptian Alphabet



Write Your Name in Hieroglyphics in your Book
Try this site Your Name in Egyptian

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Another bad Egyptian joke

Task 3 : Espionage due End of Term II
You are a SPY for one of Egypt's neighbours.
You have been living secretly in Egypt for some time
and know a lot about the country.

CHOOSE ANY ONE OF THE FOLLOWING NEARBY COUNTRIES ,
(WHERE YOU CAME FROM ORIGINALLY.)
By the way , you still have family there.....…….

EGYPT’S NEIGHBOURS:
For Old Kingdom Pharaohs the nearby nations were:
AFRICA = Libya; Nubia; Punt; Kush;
“The Desert-Dwellers”
ASIA =Syria ; Phoenicia ; Palestine ; Israel; Judah ;
The Mitanni ; Sumeria ; Babylon ; The Hyksos or
Shepherd Kings
EUROPE= Crete

For New Kingdom Pharaohs the nearby nations were:
AFRICA= Libya; Nubia; Punt; Kush;
“The Desert-Dwellers”
ASIA= Syria; Phoenicia; Palestine; Israel; Judah;
Hittites; Assyria; Sumeria; Babylon; Persia
EUROPE /OTHER =Mainland Greece;
Greek Islands; “The Sea Peoples”
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Egyptian boat docks at temple

For Any Ptolemies = Nubia; Palestine; Macedonia;
The Kingdom of Seleucid Asia;
For Cleopatra V=Only Rome

…..during the reign of the famous Egyptian pharaoh …
(your choice) ……….

YOU MUST CHOOSE ONE OF THE FOLLOWING RULERS


PHARAOHS:
OLD KINGDOM: 1st -6th DYNASTY
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Sneferu

  1. Sneferu;
  2. Khafre also known as Chephren
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    Khafre
  3. Menkaure;
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    Menkaure
  4. Pepi I;
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    Pepi
  5. Pepi II;
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    Pepi II
  6. Khufu also known as Cheops
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    Khufu
  7. Neferefre;
  8. Djoser;
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    Djoser
  9. Merenre I- Middle Kingdom
  10. Merenre II-Middle Kingdom

NEW KINGDOM:
17TH -20TH DYNASTY

1. Ahmose;
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Ahmose

2. Amenhotep I;

3. Thutmose I;
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Thutmose I

4. Thutmose II;

5. Thutmose III;
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Thutmose III

6. Hatshepsut;
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Hatshepsut

7. Amenhotep IV also known as (Ahkenaten);
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Akhenaten

8. Tutankhamen;
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Tutankamen

9. Ay;

10. Horemheb;
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Horemheb

11. Rameses I;
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Rameses I

12. Seti I;

13. Seti II;
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Seti II

14. Rameses II also known to his friends as The Great;
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Rameses the Great

15. Rameses III;

16. Rameses IV;

17. Rameses VII;

18. Rameses IX;
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Rameses IX

19. Rameses XI;
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Rameses XI


LATER PERIOD
32nd Dynasty

20. Ptolemy I
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Ptolemy I

21. Ptolemy II
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Ptolemy II

22. Ptolemy III
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Ptolemy III

23. Cleopatra VII
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Cleopatra VII


( female rulers in pink)


a) Once you have made your choice of Pharaoh :
Inform your teacher of your selection for some extra advice and help.

There is a restriction of 2 students per pharaoh.( per class)


b) Write a report to your own ruler, giving as much information as possible about the recent king of Egypt.

Follow the instructions set out in the Top-Secret Letter from your King.
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Nekbet


  • Use modern dates for your work.
  • Note that there may be some variations in spelling of some names, see your beloved teacher if you are having any problems.
  • On Title Page make sure you include this heading ....

“Report to My Fearless Leader, the Mighty Ruler of the .........................................(your original home)
about
“the Pharaoh ................................................................of the ...........Dynasty and from the .........Kingdom who has just died ."

(No Kingdom required for Ptolemies or Cleopatra)
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The difference between royal mummification and that of the common people


Top Secret Letter –decoded
Dear Miserable Spy
It’s been such a long, long time since I have had contact with you - I know you must be enjoying life in Egypt.
Have you forgotten your wife and children are still here?
Let me remind you what you still have to do or one of my torturers or assassins may have to teach you a lesson.
Tell me in you own words about the pharaoh of Egypt who just died but keep it brief,
you know how easily bored and irritable I get.


You Lazy Stinking Pile of Donkey Poop...... I am anxiously waiting to find out ....

1. Has this Pharaoh made Egypt stronger, weaker or kept it the same?
(2 marks)
2. Give me some sort of timeline for his/her life. (2 marks)
3. If you can, sketch some sort of family tree so I can work out who is who in the royal family. (2 marks)
4. Draw a map for me showing the important towns and places in Egypt at the moment. (4 marks)
5. Do you know if he/she respected the traditional gods of Egypt?
The priests of the temples were very powerful and if they were not supporters of the ruler Egypt would be divided. If you don’t find out anything then assume that the priests were “on side" (2 marks)
6. Your assessment- how good a pharaoh was …………………….
About 100 words (8 marks)
Fond regards ,Your Cruel and Powerful Leader
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Horus


Submit this message to my spy ,disguised as your wonderful History Teacher , in a Plastic Sleeve with a Title Page by the due date
or you will never see your wife and family again.

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Final Part of Egypt section